Bali is famous for the island of Seribu Pura, so it’s no wonder you can easily find the existence of the temple. A number of temples are also cultural heritage of the past that holds various historical stories and uniqueness in itself. One of them is Lempuyang Luhur Temple, this temple is very popular and known by Hindus in Bali, because it is one of the important temples on the island of Bali.
Even a number of tourists are also interested in the existence of Lempuyang Luhur Temple, although it must climb and trekking to the top of Mount Lempuyang, but of course it will provide an special experience therefore Lempuyang Luhur Temple completes the tourist map in the East Bali area.
It is mentioned in a number of ancient inscriptions and lontar, that 3 large temples are often mentioned including Besakih Temple, Ulun Danu Batur and also Lempuyang Luhur Temple, and the temple where hindu worship is thought to be the oldest temple in Bali, which is thought to have existed since the pre-Hindu Buddhist era. Lempuyang Luhur Temple itself is located at the top of Bukit Bisbis or known as Mount Lempuyang in Karangasem Regency. Lempuyang Luhur Temple as stana Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa in his manisfestasi as Sang Hyang Geni Jaya or god Iswara, in Sad Kahyangan temple in Bali occupies the direction of the eastern wind.
There are several versions that mention the existence and history of Lempuyang Luhur Temple, lempuyang name derived from the word “lamp” which means light and “hyang” means a term for God, so it means the holy light of God that is brightly lit, as well as its location on the eastern side of the island of Bali where the beginning of the sunrise that gives light to life on earth, in accordance with Sad Kahyangan Temple in Bali , the eastern position is Dewa Iswara with bajra weapon, white symbol in the form of light to provide illumination. The origin of the name Lempuyang there is mentioning that lempuyang is a type of plant used for cooking ingredients or spices, it is also related to the names of banjars (hamlets) around Pura Luhur Lempuyang using the name of these types of plants such as Bajar Gamongan and Bangle. Some also mention the history of lempuyang name derived from the word “empu” or memomong which is interpreted as guarding, and it is related to the source who mentioned that Hyang Pasupati sent his three sons to guard Bali Dwipa from all shocks and natural disasters, so that the island of Bali can be stable.
The history of the existence of Lempuyang Luhur Temple, as quoted in the lontar Kutara Kanda Dewa Purana Bangsul, mentioned; that Sang Hyang Parameswara or Sang Hyang Pasupati brought pieces of Mount Mahameru from Jambhu Dwipa (India), then the top piece of Mount Mahameru divided into 3 large parts and also other small parts, the three large parts of the peak became Mount Agung, the middle part became Mount Batur and Mount Rinjani in Lombok. then the small parts of Mount Mahameru became Mount Lempuyang, Mount Tapsahi, Siladnyana, Pengelengan, Beratan, Nagaloka, Batukaru, Pulaki, Rangda Hill, Sangkur Peak, Teratai Bang, Andhakasa, Padang Dawa, Seraya and Uluwatu.